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I have become obsessed with Bitcoin scalability. I believe that this project has a grand mission: to create and guide the evolution of a secure, decentralized (and self-funded & governed) backbone for global finance. This backbone will be the "source-of-truth" ledger that records the stored wealth of humanity.
In simple terms, I envision it to be the mother of all savings accounts.
With that in mind, the question arises: how many on-chain transactions do we need the architecture to support?
Well, I've looked at a lot of material and there is a classic reference to Visa's network circa 2014. I chewed on that for a while and I now believe that this is an interesting case for comparison, but it doesn't state an actual requirement.
I looked at my own spending, as an example. I looked at all of my bank account transactions, credit card transactions, PayPal, Apple Pay, Android Pay and Bitcoin transactions for the month of December, 2017 and I discovered that I did 448 total. I may be doing more than the average person, but I can't find any reliable data to tell me one way or the other. What I was left with, however, is a profound confusion about how any sane person could suggest that it is remotely plausible that Bitcoin scalability could be addressed by having larger blocks. It's patently absurd.
If I were the average person, and all 7 billion people on earth used Bitcoin as their primary means of payment and storage of value:
And I think this is a LOW estimate. It excludes all the transactions I couldn't make electronically and all the transactions I would have made if I had a convenient means of doing them. I believe that a realistic requirement is probably closer to 1000 transactions per month per human. And if we account for population increases over time, the requirement only gets bigger.
- 3.4+ trillion transactions per month on the blockchain
- Given 2,000 transactions per MB and 4,464 blocks per month (31 days)
- Results in 383 GB blocks
I have never seen anything from anyone that suggests that on-chain transaction processing at this scale is even remotely feasible (other than this: http://blog.vermorel.com/journal/2017/12/17/terabyte-blocks-for-bitcoin-cash.html). It seems to me that there is clearly, obviously, without question a need for L2.
I am dumbfounded that anyone still argues that an architecture that doesn't include off-chain transaction processing is viable. That seems like utter nonsense. Moreover, it seems to me that Bitcoin won't be ready for prime time until we have Lightning matured.
Please tell me why I'm crazy.
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submitted by energicrypto to energicryptocurrency [link] [comments]
Below you will find a Table of Contents that will cover all the fundamentals of the cryptocurrency.
Table of Contents
1. What is EnergiEnergi is a self-funding (no ICO and no premine) cryptocurrency that has a purpose to become the world’s leading cryptocurrency with the unification of Smart Contracts, Governance and Self-funding Treasury to ensure longevity and enable rapid growth. You can read more about why we decided to self-fund and chose not to conduct an ICO here.
Energi provides a small allocation to Proof-of-Stake (PoS) rewards, takes a bulk of the coin issuance and gives it to its treasury and active Masternodes. Energi also allocates 10% on-going reward to the leadership of the Energi Backbone, which is significantly less compared to today’s ICOs’ rewarding their founders between 20–50% of the tokens distributed. Another trait that sets Energi apart from ICOs is they give an on-going 10% allocation through each block reward, rather than rewarding the founders up-front.
2. What are the Fundamentals of Energi?
Energi features a powerful on-chain scaling solution with a system of incentivized full nodes called Energi Masternodes. A Masternode is a full node backed by 1,000 NRG collateral that provides level 2 scalability to the Energi Cryptocurrency. 40% of the emissions of Energi is allocated to Masternodes, providing an extremely strong incentive to grow the number of full nodes and scalability of the network.
Treasury allocation is decentralized, allowing for submitted proposals from anyone, to be voted on by Masternodes and paid out from the emissions.
Energi has a 14 day treasury cycle, allowing quick payments for proposal authors and contributors, as well as strategic responsiveness to effective proposals. Energi is guided by the principle that every dollar spent from its funding model should yield more than one dollar of value in return. Thanks to a 14 day treasury cycle, the Energi team is able to measure results and respond quickly to changes in strategy.
This governance model reduces risk by allowing participation from everyone who holds 1,000 NRG as a Masternode. In this way, the Energi community can work together on how to best build the strategic direction of Energi.
No coin supply limit ensures that Energi is prepared for the long term, avoiding “bubble” economics caused by dramatic early inflation that in most coins only serves to benefit founders ahead of increased adoption.
Energi Masternode payments were designed to begin at block 216000, which occurred on September 18, 2018, almost 160 days after launch. This ensured time to list Energi on exchanges, and to grow the community, encouraging fair and equitable distribution before the extremely powerful Masternode rewards began. It is all too common for Masternode coins to feature a premine, which has the effect of centralizing distribution among the founders and early adopters.
From 2018 to 2020, Energi distributed nearly 4 million coins to users who contributed to spreading awareness of the project with social media activities about Energi, such as tweets, follows, and subscriptions on all major social media platforms.
3. Coin SpecsTicker: NRG
Block time: 1 minute.
Hashing Algorithm: Dagger-Hashimoto (similar to Ethereum).
Masternode requirements: 1,000 Energi.
Treasury cycle: Every 14 days.
Approximately 1 million Energi will be released per month. The allocations can be observed easily as “10/10/40/40.”
10% will go to the Energi Backbone.
10% to the PoS participants
40% to Masternodes.
40% to the Treasury.
Thus, for every block, allocations are: 2.28 Energi to the Backbone, 2.28 Energi to the PoS participants, 9.14 Energi to the Treasury, and 9.14 Energi to Masternodes.
Since Treasury allocations are paid in two-week cycles, they are made in lump sums of approximately 184,000 Energi every 14 days.
In order to allow for widespread distribution of Energi before Masternode payments began, Masternode rewards were delayed until day 150. This was to allow the airdrop campaign to be completed and ensure a large amount of NRG is spread out through the community. Until that point, Masternode rewards were redirected to the Treasury. Thus for the first 5 months, the Treasury gained approximately 368,000 Energi every two weeks (about 800k Energi per month). The airdrop campaign was designed to release ~4 million Energi to the community.
4. How to Get Started
Publish 0x: https://www.publish0x.com/@energi
Telegram Announcement: https://t.me/energiannouncements
KuCoin - BTC: https://www.kucoin.com/trade/NRG-BTC
KuCoin - ETH: https://www.kucoin.com/trade/NRG-ETH
HitBTC - BTC: https://hitbtc.com/NRG-to-BTC
BitBNs - INR: https://bitbns.com/trade/#/nrg
Mercatox - BTC: https://mercatox.com/exchange/NRG/BTC
Mercatox - TUSD: https://mercatox.com/exchange/NRG/BTC
Bithumb - BTC: https://www.bithumb.pro/en-us/spot/trade?q=NRG-BTC
Bithumb - USDT: https://www.bithumb.pro/en-us/spot/trade?q=NRG-USDT
Citex - BTC: https://trade.citex.co.ktrade/NRG_BTC
Citex - USDT: https://trade.citex.co.ktrade/NRG_USDT
Beaxy - BTC: https://www.beaxy.com/trading-paiNRG-BTC
CoinAll - USDT: https://www.coinall.com/spot/full#product=nrg_usdt
WhiteBit - BTC: https://whitebit.com/trade/NRG_BTC
HitBTC - BTC: https://hitbtc.com/exchange/NRG-to-BTC
Gen 3 Calculator: https://nexus.energi.network/reward-calculator
Gen 2 Explorer: https://explorer.gen2.energi.network/
Gen 3 - Core Node: https://docs.energi.software/en/downloads/core-node
5. FAQsGen 3 Wiki: https://docs.energi.software/en/home
Core Node Sync: https://docs.energi.software/en/core-node-troubleshoot
There are two basic building blocks in DeFi/OpFi though: 1) stablecoins as you need a non-volatile currency to get access to this market and 2) a dex to be able to trade all these financial assets. The rest are built on top of these blocks.
So far, together with our partners and community, we have worked on developing these building blocks with XSGD as a stablecoin. We are working on bringing a USD-backed stablecoin as well. We will soon have a decentralised exchange developed by Switcheo. And with HGX going live, we are also venturing into the tokenization space. More to come in the future.”
1/ As awareness is increasing for @quant_network after recent announcements I encourage everyone to see the thread below providing more details around the project. Excellent Team, Tech, Use cases, Tokenomics, Partners has it all.submitted by xSeq22x to QuantNetwork [link] [comments]
2/ Quant’s Overledger Blockchain Operating System not only provides interoperability between all the leading Enterprise and Public Blockchains but also connecting the world’s networks to blockchain with just 3 lines of code.
3/ Unlike other solutions, Overledger solves interoperability at scale without the overhead/bottleneck/single point of failure of adding another blockchain in the middle, nor does it impose restrictions / require blockchains to fork their code to connect.
4/ Overledger is not a blockchain itself, but an OS that runs on top of multiple blockchains, providing a platform to build and use multi chain applications and abstracts all of the complexities involved with integrating with all the different blockchains
5/ #Interoperability is more than just Blockchain-to-Blockchain. True Interoperability is Any-to-Any.@quant_network are launching a universal connector for Overledger which allows for any API to connect to any Blockchain through Overledger.
6/ This will mean APIs like IFTTT/ZapiePayment APIs/Banking APIs/IoT APIs etc can now seamlessly interoperate with Blockchains through Overledger. You can integrate pretty much any tech and API into Overledger
7/ Quant's approach is superior, enabling scalable interoperability, can connect any blockchain / existing network, future proof and without imposing limitations / requiring connected chains to fork their code
and this article https://medium.com/@CryptoSeq/quant-networks-overledger-part-two-the-layers-of-overledger-ea23a7148af1
8/ Every Blockchain has their own advantages and disadvantages. Why compromise on one platform when with Multi-chain Applications (MAPPs) you can combine the best features from multiple? Why have the risk and limitations of Vendor Lock in?
9/ Only Overledger enables Treaty Contracts, where you can deploy, query and execute multi-chain smart contracts. Bridge and extend smart contracts across multiple blockchains.
10/ Overledger Network is due to launch in a few days and is a Network of Networks, which allows enterprise and communities stakeholders to access and participate in a growing hyper-connected decentralised ecosystem
11/ Enterprises, banks, central banks, trading venues, etc will be able to host their own secure dedicated gateways, enabling secure connectivity to permissioned networks, permissionless networks, ecosystems, consortia and other distributed technologies.
12/ Community members will also be able to run an Overledger gateway to further enhance the scalability, decentralisation and optimise network latency, providing enterprises, developers and users choice to use the closest gateway when accessing permissionless blockchains.
13/ The Overledger gateways will create a scalable p2p network that shares the transaction and volume between participants and chooses the closest or largest node to transact with
14/ Quant will be open sourcing the connectors so that anyone can connect their favourite blockchain to Overledger Network and benefit from increased adoption from the Enterprises, Developers and users of all the existing connected blockchains / networks.
15/ Partners: Quant have partnered with SIA, the leading financial network provider in Europe and both companies are confident that this development will play an integral part in building the financial infrastructure of the future globally
16/ SIA provide a private financial network which is the backbone of the European financial market. SIA and SWIFT are the only 2 providers for the Eurosystem Single Market Infrastructure Gateway, granting access to all RTGS, Securities and Instant Payment transactions for Europe.
17/ Overledger is integrated into SIAChain part of that private financial network (SIAnet) that is the backbone of the european financial market, enabling the 580 banks, central banks, trading venues that are building projects on SIAChain to benefit from scalable Interoperability
18/ Some of the largest blockcain projects in the world are being launched on SIAChain, one of those is the Spunta project.
Spunta is a huge project consisting of the entire italian banking system and looks to further expand into europe
19/ Another project building on SIAChain is Fideiussioni Digitali, a digital sureties project with the Bank of Italy sia.eu/en/media-event… as well as potential trial platform for digital euro
To read more about the partnership with SIA is a game changer
20/ Quant have partnered with Oracle (the 2nd largest Software provider in the world) as a Fintech Partner to deliver financial services infrastructure.
Quant are enabling #interoperability of DLTs to deliver mission-critical business applications and workloads for FS clients.
21/ Oracle invited Quant to attend the leading financial event of the year - SWIFT SIBOS where Oracle were co-marketing with Quant to take their solution to their 480,000 clients including meetings with Banks / Central Banks
22/ Another fantastic partnership is with @SimbaChain. It is a smart-contract-as-a-service (SCaaS) platform, enabling users across a variety of skill sets to implement dapps. They are developing on Overledger to allow them to deploy DAPPs across multiple connected blockchains.
23/ SIMBA Chain have recently been awarded a $9.5 million contract with the US Navy, they are also working with the US Air Force. They have a thriving ecosystem with over 2300 Organizations and 1150+ Applications developed.
24/ Quant are working with clients in the Capital Market space such as AX Trading to bring more digital assets, securities and tokenised assets to their existing 800 institutional traders in an already live and connected FINRA and SEC regulated exchange.
25/ @quant_network's Interchange enables FIAT to be representing on a blockchain enabling Delivery vs Payment across multiple blockchains with cross chain atomic swaps as well as integrating into existing payment rails such as Faster Payments, CHAPS, SEPA, SWIFT, PAY UK
26/ Enormous traditional exchanges like Fidelity, SIX, Nasdaq, Deutsche Borse will soon be entering the space, offering Digital Assets that are traded today on Crypto exchanges as well as tokenising Stocks, bringing in enormous amounts of investment from institutional investors.
27/ Quant were made a guarantor of Pay.uk - the UK’s largest payment network. Through this relationship, Quant will shape the payment ecosystem and help set the strategic direction of the Payments infrastructure and adopting the New Payments Architecture (NPA).
28/ Quant have also partnered with AUCloud and UKCloud to provide highly secure and interoperable Blockchain-as-a-Service for Australian Government and Defence and the critical national industries and supply chains that serve the nation.
29/ And others such Crowdz a leading blockchain-based trade finance company who are partnered with Barclaycard and recently received $5.5 million Series A Investment from Barclays Bank and others
As well as being a member of Hyperledger, MOBI and more
30/ The Team: Gilbert Verdian the CEO - his CV speaks for itself. Before starting Quant he was the Chief Information Security Officer for Vocalink (Mastercard) and was in charge of security for the entire payments in the UK managing £6 Trillion per year
31/ Martin Hargreaves recently joined as Chief Product Officer. He has 12 years experience at Vocalink and was the Vice President of Product. Vocalink (Mastercard) manage the entire payments system for the UK as well as other payment networks in the US, Singapore
32/ Guy Dietrich the managing director of Rockefeller Capital (who manage assets worth over $30 billion) joined the board of directors and has attended meetings personally with Gilbert such as with the Financial Conduct Authority in the UK
33/ Gilbert founded ISO TC 307, the globally recognized standard which has 57 countries working towards. This is vitally important for Enterprise / Government adoption and designed from the start to adhere to those rather than have to redesign it later.
34/ Not only do they have enormous meaningful partnerships, advanced tech that's solving a problem which is very much needed and an excellent team, they also have the best tokenomics i have seen in a project and is integral to everything.
35/ Hedge against Inflation - has a total supply of just 14.6 million, no inflation, no new tokens minted and no huge % of tokens controlled by the team waiting to be released. Circulating supply is 12 Million which will reduce over time with QNT being locked up for licenses
36/ Whether it's #Bitcoin, Stable Coins, #DeFi, Central Bank Digital Currencies that come out on top or a combination of all, @quant_network is working with them all, connecting , , and working with multiple Central Banks all leading to more demand / usage of
37/ @Overledger has been designed to be future proof by not being a blockchain itself and performing #interoperability at a layer above, learning from what made TCP/IP so dominant after 40+ years. Whether it be Blockchain 1.0, 2.0, 3.0.. it doesnt matter,$QNT can connect them all
38/ Whether it be Permissioned or Permissionless Blockchains, @Overledger can connect them all. Currently $BTC, $ETH, $XRP(L), $EOS, $XLM, $IOTA, $DAG, #Corda, #Hyperledger, #Qurorum. $QNT is one of very few tokens that are needed even in a Permissioned Enterprise environment.
39/ Sustainable Business Model - Earning revenue (on track for $10 million last year), moving into an office twice the size in the UK and currently hiring 6 additional employees and expanding to other parts of the world despite the uncertainty many are facing.
40/ is needed for licenses, consumption fees, gateways (staking for higher throughput), signing of messages on #Overledger, minimum holdings of QNT.will be locked up reducing circulating supply so not just bought then immediately sold and needed by all inc enterprises
41/ Provides what all projects need - true scalable #interoperability not just between blockchains but legacy systems as well. With no added overhead of an additional consensus mechanism, doesn't impose restrictions or require connected chains to fork their code. Anybody can join
43/ For Tokenomics see @quant_network's Utility Paper https://bit.ly/2xc25mA and @DavidW___'s article https://medium.com/@davW/a-deeper-look-into-the-quant-network-utility-token-qnt-valuation-dynamics-and-fundamentals-84633ca7cb58
Dear all,submitted by mmcsm to u/mmcsm [link] [comments]
In the last months, the Phore team have been working in the project and the results are extraordinary, let's recap the latest announcements:
📷 'When Synapse??!?!'
📷 ...and more!
Read about the most advanced, scalable blockchain architecture in the world at https://medium.com/@phoreblockchain/synapse-update-07-06-2020-bcee1f8c28b3
📷 Bug Fixes
📷 HUGE Performance Improvements
📷 Other Changes u/everyone This is not an update you want to miss! Read about the latest version (V1.6.4) of the Phore Core Wallet at https://medium.com/@phoreblockchain/core-development-update-06-15-2020-28090f828621
DOWNLOAD HERE: https://phore.io/#wallet
📷 Phore pairs include:
The browser version of the Marketplace is more easily available. They have listen to their users and now they are delivering an easy access to the Phore Marketplace
*Windows users MUST have the latest version of the Marketplace downloaded to be able to open the APP from the webpage. This can be downloaded at https://github.com/phoreproject/pm-desktop/releases/download/v2.3.8/PhoreMarketplace-2.3.8-Setup-64.exe.
Central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) have been in the rumors since 2013, with China allegedly developing in secrecy a government-issued centralized cryptocurrency to fight off increasingly popular Bitcoin. But it wasn’t until September 2015 when the Bank of England had publicly discussed for the first time the use of a blockchain-based central bank currency as a way to implement negative interest rates, and March 2016 when the phrase “central bank digital currency” had been coined.submitted by Stealthex_io to StealthEX [link] [comments]
To be sure, CBDCs have been a scarecrow for the cryptocurrency community for quite some time now. But how real is the danger? And couldn’t it in fact turn out to be a blessing in disguise for Bitcoin and its brothers in arms over the long haul? A sober look into the reality of CBDCs and their seemingly brewing stand-off with cryptocurrencies is due and invited.
A New Twist on an Old Tune
As soon as CBDCs started to make headlines across major news outlets in 2019, a new wave of soothsayers has risen. This time, Bitcoin skeptics and haters alike have gotten something looking solid on the surface. CBDCs came in handy to scare the cryptocurrency public into fear and depression for being touted as an ultimate weapon that would destroy Bitcoin. Aside from the regular fear mongering that has been following cryptocurrencies through years, there are a few apparently rational considerations that could, at least in theory, herald the autumn of cryptocurrencies.
As it happened, the first proposals on CBDCs were in fact inspired by Bitcoin and the idea of a distributed digital ledger underpinning it. Moreover, they were actually suggesting the use of blockchain technology in one way or another. Today, this is no longer the case, and the concept of a digital fiat currency as it presently stands has little to do with blockchain. But how much would then a CBDC be different from conventional fiat which is already digital almost everywhere but in a few exceptionally backward countries?
A number of mainstream economists try to address this issue, with Nouriel Roubini, a professor of economics at New York University and former senior adviser to the White House council of economic advisers and the US Treasury, leading the assault on Bitcoin. He goes as far as to claim that CBDCs are going to replace most private digital payment systems like PayPal and its likes by allowing anyone to transact directly through the central bank. That would reduce the need for cash and make traditional bank accounts along with digital payment services obsolete and unnecessary.
In his view, cryptocurrencies are no more than a pile of overhyped blockchain technologies promoted by a bunch of “starry-eyed crypto-fanatics”. Roubini reasons that once CBDCs arrive, they would instantly displace cryptocurrencies, which, as he senses them, are far from scalable, cheap, and secure, nor they are actually decentralised and anonymous according to him. Whether his prophecy of an impending doom for crypto has any real ground remains a matter of scrutiny, which takes us to the next part of this essay.
Much Ado about Nothing
The argument in favor of CBDCs taking over cryptocurrencies is essentially based on misunderstanding Bitcoin’s primary value proposition. Although the advantages and benefits of CBDCs may be real, to a varying degree, the idea of a central bank digital currency doesn’t part ways with the original idea of fiat money itself. In other words, CBDCs will always remain a somewhat enhanced or updated version of fiat. As such, every major flaw or fault that fiat has ever revealed can be rightfully ascribed to this form of a centrally-controlled currency.
Most importantly, CBDCs don’t seek to address the arbitrariness of their governing bodies, that is to say, central banks, in the majority of cases. Whatever has been said positive toward CBDCs can be reversed through the misuse and abuse by the monetary authorities. It is just a matter of time till they start turning advantages of CBDCs into disadvantages as has always been the case in the past, but now more efficiently and with a vengeance. And this is in stark contrast to Bitcoin which sets forth a distinctively different governance model by removing any central authority from the equation.
This point has been reiterated and emphasized by many notable and well-known figures in the cryptoverse. For example, Barry Silbert, the founder of venture capital firm Digital Currency Group and a major investor in the blockchain space, strongly believes that central banks won’t be capping the supply of CBDCs because they “love to print money”. In this manner, CBDCs aren’t going to fix broken monetary policies carried out by most, if not all, central banks. Then we are instantly back to square one.
And that comes down to a simple but time-proven truth that fiat currencies, no matter what form they may take, are set to depreciate and lose value over time. There is no way around this, and CBDCs will be of little help here, if ever. On the other hand, these currencies allow central bankers to gain more power over financial activities of the general public by requiring common people to use the financial system based on a CBDC, and, by extension, subjecting them to other forms of control in their efforts to maintain state supremacy over money – in addition to its costs and restrictions.
Put shortly, digital currencies issued by central authorities cannot on their own pose a real threat to Bitcoin and undermine its value proposition coming from its decentralized nature and capped supply, especially in the long term. But could it play out in an altogether different direction? Could CBDCs actually help, in some convoluted or even controversial way, non-central bank currencies such as Bitcoin, and contribute to their mainstream adoption and wider acceptance? As it turns out, it is not totally impossible, and this might be the most interesting piece of the CBDC puzzle.
A Blessing in Disguise
Now that we established that CBDCs are unlikely to hurt Bitcoin, it is time to explore the opportunities they could offer the crypto space. Barry Silbert says that the efficient and cost-effective infrastructure every financial institution will have to build in order to safely store and support CBDCs happens to be the same infrastructure that could be used to transact with and provide support to cryptocurrencies. Consequently, Bitcoin will benefit in the long run from the world’s central bankers issuing their own digital currencies – when these currencies start to fail at the end of the day, which is inevitable with any form of fiat money as many economists claim.
At a fundamental level, CBDCs, if they kick off for real, are set to compete not so much with Bitcoin and the rest of the pack but rather with other central bank currencies, digital or otherwise. Whatever nation launches such a currency first, the others will quickly follow. You don’t exactly need a master’s degree in economics to understand who will benefit most from the dog-eat-dog fight that will without doubt ensue, just like fiat currencies benefit from cryptocurrencies competing with each other.
And remember if you need to exchange your coins StealthEX is here for you. We provide a selection of more than 250 coins and constantly updating the list so that our customers will find a suitable option. Why don’t you check it out? Just go to StealthEX and follow these easy steps:
✔ Choose the pair and the amount for your exchange. For example ETH to BTC.
✔ Press the “Start exchange” button.
✔ Provide the recipient address to which the coins will be transferred.
✔ Move your cryptocurrency for the exchange.
✔ Receive your coins.
Follow us on Medium, Twitter, Facebook, and Reddit to get StealthEX.io updates and the latest news about the crypto world. For all requests message us via [email protected].
The views and opinions expressed here are solely those of the author. Every investment and trading move involves risk. You should conduct your own research when making a decision.
Original article was posted on https://stealthex.io/blog/2020/07/21/central-bank-digital-currencies-a-threat-or-a-blessing/
Written by the CoinEx Institution, this series of jocular and easy to understand articles will show you everything you need to know about major cryptocurrencies, making you fully prepared before jumping into crypto!submitted by CoinEx_Institution to Coinex [link] [comments]
CET (CoinEx Token) is the native token of CoinEx DEX (Decentralized Exchange), the world’s first dedicated public chain to decentralized transactions. Launched in January 2018 by CoinEx, a global well-known digital asset trading service provider under ViaBTC, CET does not only exist as an exchange-based token, but plays the role of the base currency for the entire ecosystem of CoinEx Chain, and obtains richer application scenarios and higher empowerment.
As a token of a decentralized trading public chain, CET has attracted much attention in the industry with promising future.
Post-1990s entrepreneur Yang Haipo joined hands with Copernicus team to create CoinEx
Yang Haipo, the Founder and CEO of ViaBTC Group, is an entrepreneur born in the 1990s. He graduated from Northwestern Polytechnical University in 2012 with a major in mathematics and applied mathematics. He once worked at Tencent TEG / Weibo and Futu Securities. In 2011, when Yang Haipo was still in college, he got to know Bitcoin, and became one of the earliest Bitcoin investors. In 2014, this insightful young man seized the opportunity and bought Bitcoin at the full position. After leaving Tencent, Yang engaged in the mining industry, and served as the technical leader of Zeus Technology (one of the top three SCRYPT mining machine brands in the world) as a start of his entrepreneurship in this field.
In March 2016, Haipo threw himself into the deployment and development of the Bitcoin mining pool, and independently completed the entire code of the ViaBTC (ViaBTC Technology Limited) mining pool, which successfully went online 2 months later. That is also the world ’s first BCH mining pool. ViaBTC is not only the biggest BCH mining pool but also the fifth-largest Bitcoin mining pool. It not only elaborates on the vision of “making the world better through Bitcoin”, but also expresses Haipo’s belief in the industry.
Later Haipo found that the exchange could provide the industry with important functions of asset issuance and value discovery, which is the core of the entire industry. That is why he decided to devote himself to the development of the exchange. In March 2017, ViaBTC, led by Yang Haipo, received a 20-million-yuan Series A funding led by Bitmain to expand the exchange business.
In December of the same year, Haipo established CoinEx. CoinEx has taken on an irresistible momentum soon after its establishment, and attained great achievements within only two years:
In January 2018, CoinEx launched CET, a user value-added service privilege;
In July 2018, it ranked first among the global exchanges by trading volume;
In March 2019, it partnered with the Matrixport team to develop a new generation of high-performance public chain CoinEx Chain;
In September 2019, it became one of the management platforms with the most extensive global product layout;
In November 2019, it rolled out DEX, the world’s first decentralized transaction dedicated public chain;
In December 2019, CoinEx acquired the Estonian digital asset trading license
In March 2020, CoinEx integrated the first fiat onramp with Simplex
In April 2020, it Formed global strategic partnership with Matrixport
In May 2020, ViaBTC Group announced strategic upgrade……
At the same time, CoinEx is also one of the first trading platforms to obtain a compliance license. It provides diversified derivatives trading services such as spot trading, leveraged trading, and perpetual contracts. Moreover, the platform supports 15 languages including Chinese/English/Japanese/ Korean/Russian to provide safe and reliable transaction services for more than 1 million users in more than 100 countries and regions. At present, CoinEx has also attracted countless “CET believers”.
A deep look into CoinEx and CoinEx DEX
Many people may ask: What do CoinEx Chain and CoinEx DEX do, and how do them relate to CET? Before revealing more details about CET, let’s take a look at these questions~
CoinEx Chain is the world’s first public chain specifically designed for decentralized exchanges. Its Mainnet was officially launched in November 2019. CoinEx Chain contains 3 dedicated public chains, namely DEX Chain dedicated to decentralized transactions, Smart Chain dedicated to smart contracts, and Privacy Chain dedicated to user privacy and security protection. The innovative approach of “three chains in one” turns out to be a perfect solution to scalability, decentralization and security, known as the “impossible triangle” of the blockchain. At present, many domestic public chain teams still face the “blockchain trilemma”, but not CoinEx Chain. On CoinEx Chain, all tokens, not just CET, are free to cross the three chains, thus enabling more possibilities for transactions.
CoinEx DEX is the world’s first dedicated public chain for decentralized transactions. The shortcomings of many DEXs in the market lie in the failure to improve users’ trading experience, which is exactly what CoinEx DEX is committed to solving. Under the premise of decentralization, CoinEx DEX offers customers the experience approximately equal to that of a centralized exchange, with faster block speeds, higher TPS and better wallets.
CET is not only a token for the platform but also one for the public chain
After the introduction of concepts of both CoinEx Chain and CoinEx DEX, let’s talk about CET.
As a user value-added service privilege in the CoinEx ecosystem and also the token of CoinEx Chain, CET acts as a tool and currency in the entire CoinEx Chain ecosystem, which can be circulated and used in various scenarios. Since its launch, CET has been distributed by various means such as airdrops, transaction fee refunds, operation promotions and team unlocking. On January 31, 2019, the CoinEx Team burnt all the 4 billion unreleased onesand continued to repurchase CET from the secondary market. This move caused quite a stir in the industry.
CET is not only a token for the platform but also one for the public chain. Therefore, without any doubt, CET outshines other platform tokens in terms of value:
1. The daily CET repurchase
For better transparency of the CET repurchase and burning mechanism, CoinEx officially announced that from April 11, 2020, it would adjust the CET repurchase and burning policy by changing the previous quarterly repurchase policy to daily repurchase. After its activation, CoinEx repurchases CET in the secondary market with 50% of its daily profits from transaction fees everyday and burns them at the end of each quarter. Along with the new plan, an independent page designed to display the relevant information was also launched, including circulating supply, circulating market value, daily repurchase quantity, etc, enabling users to view repurchase and burning details clearly. By doing so, CoinEx achieves 100% transparency.
2. Preferential deduction of platform transaction fees
CoinEx users can use CET to directly deduct equivalent transaction fees and enjoy exclusive discounts when trading.
3. VIP service
Users can be VIPs by holding a certain amount of CET or directly purchase the VIP privilege with CET. VIPs are entitled to such privileges as discounted rates, accelerated withdrawals and exclusive customer service.
4. Privileges for special activities
CET holders can enjoy special privileges in marketing activities of the platform, such as entrance tickets to token airdrops or high-quality project acceleration opportunities.
5. Election for nodes to participate in community governance
CET holders who meet the quantity requirements can campaign for nodes and participate in the launch and voting of CoinEx Chain proposals as part of community governance.
6. Staking returns
CET holders can vote for validators and can participate in the Staking economy of CoinEx Chain for Staking returns.
7. Easier trading on CoinEx DEX
On the DEX public chain, users can send and receive CET tokens, and can also create tokens and related trading pairs based on their needs. Moreover, they can perform operations such as additional issuance, burning, locking, and unlocking of tokens, place orders and query transaction history.
8. More CET privileges
Haipo once said: “As the native token of CoinEx Chain, CET will no longer only be the platform token of the exchange. It will have a higher value as the native token of the public chain ecosystem. Its value no longer depends solely on the income of the exchange, but also comes from the consensus from a growing user base, with CET being a tool or currency. As more people use it, the consensus is generated and higher value is created. In addition, CET was decentralized through the decentralized public chain. The exchange can be gone, but not the public chain. CET will be given more vitality.”
It can thus be clear that CoinEx’s ambition goes beyond a public chain towards a decentralized public chain ecosystem. The public chain usually represents the current development direction and the latest research results of the mainstream blockchain technology. In this regard, efforts to develop public chains are of great guiding significance to explore blockchain technology and apply it to the physical industry.
We have every confidence that CET will become a king of the new generation of public chain tokens. “CET believers” also have a great faith in its future value and ecological promotion. Despite all the twists and turns ahead, CET is bound to blaze a trail and lead the industry.
About CoinExAs a global and professional cryptocurrency exchange service provider, CoinEx was founded in December 2017 with Bitmain-led investment and has obtained a legal license in Estonia. It is a subsidiary brand of the ViaBTC Group, which owns the fifth largest BTC mining pool, which is also the largest of BCH mining, in the world.
CoinEx supports perpetual contract, spot, margin trading and other derivatives trading, and its service reaches global users in nearly 100 countries/regions with various languages available, such as Chinese, English, Korean and Russian.
Click here to register on CoinEx!
A whirlwind tour of Defi, paying close attention to protocols that we’re leveraging at Genesis Block.submitted by mickhagen to genesisblockhq [link] [comments]
This is the third post of Crypto-Powered — a new series that examines what it means for Genesis Block to be a digital bank that’s powered by crypto, blockchain, and decentralized protocols.
Last week we explored how building on legacy finance is a fool’s errand. The future of money belongs to those who build with crypto and blockchain at their core. We also started down the crypto rabbit hole, introducing Bitcoin, Ethereum, and DeFi (decentralized finance). That post is required reading if you hope to glean any value from the rest of this series.
97% of all activity on Ethereum in the last quarter has been DeFi-related. The total value sitting inside DeFi protocols is roughly $2B — double what it was a month ago. The explosive growth cannot be ignored. All signs suggest that Ethereum & DeFi are a Match Made in Heaven, and both on their way to finding strong product/market fit.
So in this post, we’re doing a whirlwind tour of DeFi. We look at specific examples and use-cases already in the wild and seeing strong growth. And we pay close attention to protocols that Genesis Block is integrating with. Alright, let’s dive in.
StablecoinsStablecoins are exactly what they sound like: cryptocurrencies that are stable. They are not meant to be volatile (like Bitcoin). These assets attempt to peg their price to some external reference (eg. USD or Gold). A non-volatile crypto asset can be incredibly useful for things like merchant payments, cross-border transfers, or storing wealth — becoming your own bank but without the stress of constant price volatility.
There are major governments and central banks that are experimenting with or soon launching their own stablecoins like China with their digital yuan and the US Federal Reserve with their digital dollar. There are also major corporations working in this area like JP Morgan with their JPM Coin, and of course Facebook with their Libra Project.
Stablecoin activity has grown 800% in the last year, with $290B of transaction volume (funds moving on-chain).The most popular USD-pegged stablecoins include:
tablecoins are playing an increasingly important role in the world of DeFi. In a way, they serve as common pipes & bridges between the various protocols.https://preview.redd.it/v9ki2qro12b51.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=dbf591b122fc4b3d83b381389145b88e2505b51d
Lending & BorrowingThree of the top five DeFi protocols relate to lending & borrowing. These popular lending protocols look very similar to traditional money markets. Users who want to earn interest/yield can deposit (lend) their funds into a pool of liquidity. Because it behaves similarly to traditional money markets, their funds are not locked, they can withdraw at any time. It’s highly liquid.
Borrowers can tap into this pool of liquidity and take out loans. Interest rates depend on the utilization rate of the pool — how much of the deposits in the pool have already been borrowed. Supply & demand. Thus, interest rates are variable and borrowers can pay their loans back at any time.
So, who decides how much a borrower can take? What’s the process like? Are there credit checks? How is credit-worthiness determined?These protocols are decentralized, borderless, permissionless. The people participating in these markets are from all over the world. There is no simple way to verify identity or check credit history. So none of that happens.
Credit-worthiness is determined simply by how much crypto collateral the borrower puts into the protocol. For example, if a user wants to borrow $5k of USDC, then they’ll need to deposit $10k of BTC or ETH. The exact amount of collateral depends on the rules of the protocol — usually the more liquid the collateral asset, the more borrowing power the user can receive.
The most prominent lending protocols include Compound, Aave, Maker, and Atomic Loans. Recently, Compound has seen meteoric growth with the introduction of their COMP token — a token used to incentivize and reward participants of the protocol. There’s almost $1B in outstanding debt in the Compound protocol. Mainframe is also working on an exciting protocol in this area and the latest iteration of their white paper should be coming out soon.
There is very little economic risk to these protocols because all loans are overcollateralized.I repeat, all loans are overcollateralized. If the value of the collateral depreciates significantly due to price volatility, there are sophisticated liquidation systems to ensure the loan always gets paid back.
InvestmentsBuying, selling, and trading crypto assets is certainly one form of investing (though not for the faint of heart). But there are now DeFi protocols to facilitate making and managing traditional-style investments.
Through DeFi, you can invest in Gold. You can invest in stocks like Amazon and Apple. You can short Tesla. You can access the S&P 500. This is done through crypto-based synthetics — which gives users exposure to assets without needing to hold or own the underlying asset. This is all possible with protocols like UMA, Synthetix, or Market protocol.
Maybe your style of investing is more passive. With PoolTogether , you can participate in a no-loss lottery.
Maybe you’re an advanced trader and want to trade options or futures. You can do that with DeFi protocols like Convexity, Futureswap, and dYdX. Maybe you live on the wild side and trade on margin or leverage, you can do that with protocols like Fulcrum, Nuo, and DDEX. Or maybe you’re a degenerate gambler and want to bet against Trump in the upcoming election, you can do that on Augur.
And there are plenty of DeFi protocols to help with crypto investing. You could use Set Protocol if you need automated trading strategies. You could use Melonport if you’re an asset manager. You could use Balancer to automatically rebalance your portfolio.
With as little as $1, people all over the world can have access to the same investment opportunities and tools that used to be reserved for only the wealthy, or those lucky enough to be born in the right country.
You can start to imagine how services like Etrade, TD Ameritrade, Schwab, and even Robinhood could be massively disrupted by a crypto-native company that builds with these types of protocols at their foundation.https://preview.redd.it/agco8msx12b51.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=3bbb595f9ecc84758d276dbf82bc5ddd9e329ff8
InsuranceAs mentioned in our previous post, there are near-infinite applications one can build on Ethereum. As a result, sometimes the code doesn’t work as expected. Bugs get through, it breaks. We’re still early in our industry. The tools, frameworks, and best practices are all still being established. Things can go wrong.
Sometimes the application just gets in a weird or bad state where funds can’t be recovered — like with what happened with Parity where $280M got frozen (yes, I lost some money in that). Sometimes, there are hackers who discover a vulnerability in the code and maliciously steal funds — like how dForce lost $25M a few months ago, or how The DAO lost $50M a few years ago. And sometimes the system works as designed, but the economic model behind it is flawed, so a clever user takes advantage of the system— like what recently happened with Balancer where they lost $500k.
There are a lot of risks when interacting with smart contracts and decentralized applications — especially for ones that haven’t stood the test of time. This is why insurance is such an important development in DeFi.
Insurance will be an essential component in helping this technology reach the masses.Two protocols that are leading the way on DeFi insurance are Nexus Mutual and Opyn. Though they are both still just getting started, many people are already using them. And we’re excited to start working with them at Genesis Block.
Exchanges & LiquidityDecentralized Exchanges (DEX) were one of the first and most developed categories in DeFi. A DEX allows a user to easily exchange one crypto asset for another crypto asset — but without needing to sign up for an account, verify identity, etc. It’s all via decentralized protocols.
Within the first 5 months of 2020, the top 7 DEX already achieved the 2019 trading volume. That was $2.5B. DeFi is fueling a lot of this growth.
There are many different flavors of DEX. Some of the early ones included 0x, IDEX, and EtherDelta — all of which had a traditional order book model where buyers are matched with sellers.
Another flavor is the pooled liquidity approach where the price is determined algorithmically based on how much liquidity there is and how much the user wants to buy. This is known as an AMM (Automated Market Maker) — Uniswap and Bancor were early leaders here. Though lately, Balancer has seen incredible growth due mostly to their strong incentives for participation — similar to Compound.
There are some DEXs that are more specialized — for example, Curve and mStable focus mostly only stablecoins. Because of the proliferation of these decentralized exchanges, there are now aggregators that combine and connect the liquidity of many sources. Those include Kyber, Totle, 1Inch, and Dex.ag.
These decentralized exchanges are becoming more and more connected to DeFi because they provide an opportunity for yield and earning interest.Users can earn passive income by supplying liquidity to these markets. It usually comes in the form of sharing transaction fee revenue (Uniswap) or token rewards (Balancer).
PaymentsAs it relates to making payments, much of the world is still stuck on plastic cards. We’re grateful to partner with Visa and launch the Genesis Block debit card… but we still don’t believe that's the future of payments. We see that as an important bridge between the past (legacy finance) and the future (crypto).
Our first post in this series shared more on why legacy finance is broken. We talked about the countless unnecessary middle-men on every card swipe (merchant, acquiring bank, processor, card network, issuing bank). We talked about the slow settlement times.
The future of payments will be much better. Yes, it’ll be from a mobile phone and the user experience will be similar to ApplePay (NFC) or WePay (QR Code).
But more importantly, the underlying assets being moved/exchanged will all be crypto — digital, permissionless, and open source.Someone making a payment at the grocery store check-out line will be able to open up Genesis Block, use contactless tech or scan a QR code, and instantly pay for their goods. All using crypto. Likely a stablecoin. Settlement will be instant. All the middlemen getting their pound of flesh will be disintermediated. The merchant can make more and the user can spend less. Blockchain FTW!
Now let’s talk about a few projects working in this area. The xDai Burner Wallet experience was incredible at the ETHDenver event a few years ago, but that speed came at the expense of full decentralization (can it be censored or shut down?). Of course, Facebook’s Libra wants to become the new standard for global payments, but many are afraid to give Facebook that much control (newsflash: it isn’t very decentralized).
Bitcoin is decentralized… but it’s slow and volatile. There are strong projects like Lightning Network (Zap example) that are still trying to make it happen. Projects like Connext and OmiseGo are trying to help bring payments to Ethereum. The Flexa project is leveraging the gift card rails, which is a nice hack to leverage existing pipes. And if ETH 2.0 is as fast as they say it will be, then the future of payments could just be a stablecoin like DAI (a token on Ethereum).
In a way, being able to spend crypto on daily expenses is the holy grail of use-cases. It’s still early. It hasn’t yet been solved. But once we achieve this, then we can ultimately and finally say goodbye to the legacy banking & finance world. Employees can be paid in crypto. Employees can spend in crypto. It changes everything.
Legacy finance is hanging on by a thread, and it’s this use-case that they are still clinging to. Once solved, DeFi domination will be complete.https://preview.redd.it/svft1ce422b51.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=9a6afc9e9339a3fec29ee2ae743c07c3042ea4ce
Impact on Genesis BlockAt Genesis Block, we’re excited to leverage these protocols and take this incredible technology to the world. Many of these protocols are already deeply integrated with our product. In fact, many are essential. The masses won’t know (or care about) what Tether, USDC, or DAI is. They think in dollars, euros, pounds and pesos. So while the user sees their local currency in the app, the underlying technology is all leveraging stablecoins. It’s all on “crypto rails.”
When users deposit assets into their Genesis Block account, they expect to earn interest. They expect that money to grow. We leverage many of these low-risk lending/exchange DeFi protocols. We lend into decentralized money markets like Compound — where all loans are overcollateralized. Or we supply liquidity to AMM exchanges like Balancer. This allows us to earn interest and generate yield for our depositors. We’re the experts so our users don’t need to be.
We haven’t yet integrated with any of the insurance or investment protocols — but we certainly plan on it. Our infrastructure is built with blockchain technology at the heart and our system is extensible — we’re ready to add assets and protocols when we feel they are ready, safe, secure, and stable. Many of these protocols are still in the experimental phase. It’s still early.
At Genesis Block we’re excited to continue to be at the frontlines of this incredible, innovative, technological revolution called DeFi.---
None of these powerful DeFi protocols will be replacing Robinhood, SoFi, or Venmo anytime soon. They never will. They aren’t meant to! We’ve discussed this before, these are low-level protocols that need killer applications, like Genesis Block.
So now that we’ve gone a little deeper down the rabbit hole and we’ve done this whirlwind tour of DeFi, the natural next question is: why?
Why does any of it matter?Most of these financial services that DeFi offers already exist in the real world. So why does it need to be on a blockchain? Why does it need to be decentralized? What new value is unlocked? Next post, we answer these important questions.
To look at more projects in DeFi, check out DeFi Prime, DeFi Pulse, or Consensys.
Other Ways to Consume Today's Episode:
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